Indeed, immunization is recommended by the World Health Organization or the World Health Organization and the Indonesian government through the PPI or Perogram 7 Development Indonesia to prevent a very dangerous disease that can strike children.
Below are some of the benefits of vaccines and immunization for children:
This vaccine works to protect children from tuberculosis were malignant. TB can damage all organs, especially the brain tissue in children or meningitis, bone or joint coxitis spine, which can result in physical or mental disability for a lifetime and can even cause death in children.
Prevent paralysis that can result from polio. The disease often strikes polio in children in Indonesia. So it is not surprising that the Indonesian government declared the day “Indonesia Polio Free”. The vaccine is given 3 times ie when infants aged 2, 4 and 6 months. And started again when the children were 18 months and 5 years old. Polio-O vaccine given at the first visit after the baby is born.
To prevent the occurrence of diphtheria in children by providing basic injections 3 times and followed by a booster injection is given when the child is 2 years old and 5 years old.
Tetanus is a disease that is very deadly, especially in newborns, this was because the mother did not have antibodies against tetanus, as they are not immunized, or have not been immunized. The occurrence of tetanus in infants can also occur due to the birth process that is not sterile.
Tetanus can affect anyone, through small cuts were dirty. The patient died of tetanus can be an interruption in breathing and spasms throughout the body, resulting in spinal fractures and paralysis.
Pertussis or whooping cough disease cough, also known as a tough and insistent and lasts a long time, attacking at night, loss of appetite, bleeding complications in the eyes, convulsions, pneumonia and serious, so that the child becomes very disturbed while studying, and if prolonged can result in child malnutrition.
Possible the worst was when the attack on the baby who was not 1 year. These three diseases are Diphtheria, Pertussis can be prevented by administering danTetanus DTP vaccine.
Hepatitis B Vaccine
Hepatitis B is also very scary because it is a major cause of liver cancer can be fatal adulthood. To prevent this disease requires the hepatitis B vaccine injected 3 times in a lifetime.
Measles seems very simple but apparently very dangerous because it can lead to Acute Respiratory Infections or respiratory infection that can lead to death, especially among children under five are malnourished. Measles vaccine for prevention at the age of 9 months and then repeated at the age of 6 years.
Disease Mumps (Mumps or parotitis) is a disease caused by a virus which attacks the salivary glands and is very contagious. Complications posed is inflammation of the gland hormones, orchitis in young men can cause infertility occur. Meningitis can also occur even if the case is rare and leaves deafness in children.
Rubella is also caused by a virus that if attacks on women during pregnancy will cause the child would be born handicapped with deafness, blindness, impaired brain growth and cardiac abnormalities in the baby. Commonly referred to as Rubella Syndrome. Above three diseases namely, Measles, Mumps and Rubella can be prevented by MMR vaccine.
The Pneumococcal Vaccine prevents the occurrence is useful for Pneumonia in children under 2 years old. Pneumonia caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae bacteria that cause severe respiratory infection and meningitis.
HiB vaccine (Heamophilus influenzae type B)
Hib disease is caused by the bacteria Haemophilus inflenzae type B. These bacteria can cause meningitis disease, Epiglottitis, pneumonia, osteomyelitis, and cellulitis. The vaccine is given when the child is 2 months old and is repeated when the baby was 4 months and 6 months. And given more time the child is 15 to 18 months.
Typhoid Vaccine, Hepatitis A and Varicella
Typhoid vaccine to prevent the disease Typhoid, Varicella for the prevention of chickenpox disease. Typhoid and Hepatitis A vaccine is given when the child is 2 years old and Varicella be given when the child is over the age of 10 years. Typhoid vaccine administration may be repeated every 3 years. While Hepatitis A vaccine is only given as much as 2 times the distance of 6 to 12 months.
Without immunization, children will easily attacked by diseases such as above and the case will require substantial medical expenses.