|Understanding the Lyme disease Sign and Symptoms|
How to recognize Lyme disease symptoms?
In some areas in the United States, Lyme disease is not only transmitted by ticks Ixodes scapularis, but also by rodents and ticks Ixodes paficius. In Europe, other Borrelia species B. garinii is also capable of causing a disease with symptoms similar to Lyme disease . Transmission of the disease in the European region carried by vectors such as ticks I. ricinus. In the Asian region, Lyme disease is caused by B. afzelii through the mediation of I. persulcatus. On the whole it can be said that the distribution of the disease is very widespread and transmitted to humans via group Borrelia and various different types of flea species, depending on their respective territories
Does Lyme disease could lead to neurological and heart problem?
Various serological tests such as ELISA and fluorescence staining can be performed to detect the presence of antibodies to B. burgdorferi that appear 4-6 weeks after infection. However, the most effective serological test today is the western blot, the antibody is due to the presence of B. burgdorferi can be detected from the first infections suffered until several years later. After several years, the body no longer produces antibodies against the bacteria because the bacteria was latent in the body.
To detect B. burgdorferi from body fluids and tissues, can be used polymerase chain reaction (PCR) is a sensitive and relatively fast. However, the PCR method is not able to distinguish between B. burgdorferi cells were still alive or already dead in the body. Some microbiological tests by culturing B. burgdorferi from erythema migrans part can also be done but rarely because of B. burgdorferi requires specific and complex media for growth. Generally, the doctor will prescribe antibiotics when symptoms appear early in the disease and the patient had been bitten by ticks in the near future, followed by the appearance of erythema migrans.
Prevent and Treatment of Lyme Disease
To prevent tick bites on the skin and of clothing, can be used a flea deterrent compounds diethyl-m-toluamide, cyclohexylpyrrolidinone (DEET). The vaccine for Lyme disease have also been developed and is mainly intended for animals. To treat the infection, it can be used doxycycline (tetracycline derivatives), or amoxicillin (beta-lactam antibiotics) for 20-30 days. If the disease has entered the chronic phase of penicillin or ceftriaxone can be used in high doses accompanied by probenicid, chemical compounds that can maintain serum antibiotic in the body up to 30 days.