Despite the high prevalence, but according to obstetricians Fitriyadi Kusuma, cervical cancer can actually be prevented by avoiding risk factors are not having sex at a young age, or under 17 years old.
“Avoid sex at a young age too, do not have multiple sexual partners, and not smoking are the things that need to be done to keep the risk of cervical cancer, ” said a doctor from the Division of Gynecology and Oncology, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Indonesia.
Fitriyadi explained, having sex at a young age become a risk factor because the reproductive organs are not fully developed. That’s what makes it susceptible to lesions or sores during intercourse.
When there is a lesion, he added, human papilloma virus (HPV), the cause of cervical cancer, more easily enter and infect the genital tissues that will develop into cancer later in life. In addition, HPV itself is easier character develops in young tissue.
“HPV is more like a slick and smooth tissue that is commonly held by young reproductive organs. Exactly why teenagers are having sex more vulnerable to infection with HPV,” he said.
However, it does not mean that women do not have sex at a young age are not at risk of cancer services. Fitriyadi asserted, all women at risk of cervical cancer. So awareness for early detection also needs to be improved.
“Early detection is very important. Moreover, early detection method was already getting easier and cheaper, for example by visual inspection with asesat acid ( IVA ),” he said. According Fitriyadi, IVA method has been able to effectively detect cervical cancer up to 70-80 percent.
Unfortunately, the public ‘s attention on cervical cancer remains low, including awareness of the screening.