Anemia Symptoms Causes Risk Factors and Prevention


Anemia or anemia is a condition in which the number of red blood cells or hemoglobin (the oxygen-carrying protein) in the red blood cells is below normal. Red blood cells contain hemoglobin which carries oxygen in the role of the lungs and deliver it to all parts of the body.

Symptoms of Anemia

As a result of anemia is red blood cells transport will be disrupted and the body tissue anemia patient will experience a shortage of oxygen to produce energy. So it is not surprising that symptoms of anemia indicated by feeling tired, pale, agitated, and sometimes crowded. And marked with pale colors in some parts of the body such as the tongue and eyelids.

A common cause of anemia among others; iron deficiency, intestinal bleeding, bleeding, genetic deficiency of vitamin B12, folic acid drawback, disorders of marrow bone.

Symptoms of anemia (Less Blood)
Here are some signs that indicate that you have anemia, as reported Boldsky.

1. Eyelid Pale
It is easy to detect anemia with seeing eyes. When you stretch the eyelid and pay attention to the bottom of the eye. You will notice that the inside of the eyelids pale.

2. Often Fatigue
If you feel tired all the time for a month or more, it could be that you have a number of red blood cells are low. Body’s energy supply is very dependent on the oxidation and red blood cells The lower red blood cells, the level of oxidation in the body part is reduced.

3. Often Nausea
Those who suffer from anemia often have symptoms of morning sickness or nausea as soon as they get out of bed.

4. Headache
People who are anemic often complain of headaches constantly. Shortage of red blood makes the brain is deprived of oxygen. This often causes headaches.

5. Pale Fingertips
When you press the tip of the finger, the area will turn into red. But, if you have anemia, your fingertips will be white or pale.

6. Shortness of breath
Low blood count lowers oxygen levels in the body. This makes anemia often feel short of breath or frequent panting when doing everyday activities such as walking.

7. Irregular Heartbeat
Palpitations is the medical term for irregular heartbeat, too strong or have abnormal speed. When the body is deprived of oxygen, the heart rate increases. This causes the heart to beat irregularly and rapidly.

8. Pale Face
If you have anemia, your face will look pale. The skin will become yellowish white.

9. Hair loss
Hair loss can be a symptom of anemia. When the scalp is not getting enough food from the body, you will experience hair thinning rapidly.

10. Decreased Immune
When your body has very little energy, immunity or the body’s ability to fight disease is also declining. You will easily fall sick or exhausted.

Anemia Causes

The body requires oxygen supply to function. Red blood cells contain hemoglobin which is a protein that is rich in iron.

Lots of blood cells produced by the bone marrow. To be able to produce red blood cells and hemoglobin, your body needs iron, minerals, protein and other vitamins from the foods you eat.

Cause Anemia (Less Blood)

Anemia occurs when the body produces too few red blood cells, loss of too many red blood cells or red blood cell death more than replace it. Some types of anemia and their causes are:

Iron deficiency anemia
The cause of this type of anemia is iron deficiency in the body. Bone marrow needs iron to make hemoglobin. Without enough iron, the body will not produce enough hemoglobin for red blood cells.

Vitamin deficiency anemia
In addition to iron, the body also needs folate and vitamin B-12 to produce enough red blood cells. Low dietary intake of these substances and other essential nutrients can cause a decrease in red blood cell production. In addition, some people can not effectively absorb vitamin B-12.

Anemia of chronic disease
Certain chronic diseases, such as cancer and HIV / AIDS. Can affect the production of red blood cells, resulting in chronic anemia. Kidney failure can also cause anemia.

Aplastic anemia
This species is very rare and is a life-threatening condition. It is caused by a reduction in the ability of bone marrow to produce all three types of blood cells. The cause is unknown.

Anemias associated with bone marrow disease
Conditions such as leukemia and myelodysplasia can cause anemia which causes the production of blood in the spinal cord is reduced.

Hemolytic anemias
It occurs when the red blood cells destroyed faster and spinal cord are not able to compensate by producing red blood cell substitute. Certain diseases such as disorders of the blood may be the cause. As well as autoimmune disorders of the body can cause the body to produce antibodies against the red blood cells that destroy red blood cells.

Sickle cell anemia
This type of anemia is caused by a defect form of hemoglobin that makes red blood cells shaped like a sickle. The red blood cells die prematurely and cause chronic conditions lack of red blood cells.

Other Anemia
This type of anemia is different from the others, including thalassemia and anemia caused by disability hemoglobin.

Risk factor for anemia

Some factors that may increase the chances of anemia include:

  • Low intake of nutrients in food.
  • Health disorders of the small intestine or operations relating to the small intestine.
  • Menstruation.
  • Pregnancy.
  • Chronic conditions such as cancer, kidney failure or liver failure.
  • Heredity.

Certain infections such as blood disorders and autoimmune, exposed to toxic chemicals, and the use of some drugs that affect the production of red blood cells and cause anemia.

Another risk is diabetes, alcohol and those who became a strict vegetarian and less intake of iron or vitamin B-12 in food.

Anemia Disease Prevention

Many types of anemia can not be prevented. But you can help prevent iron deficiency anemia and vitamin deficiency anemias with healthy foods that contain:

1. Iron
Can be found in meat. The other type is nuts, dark green colored vegetables, dried fruit, and others.

2. Folate
Can be found in oranges, bananas, dark green vegetables, nuts kavangan, cereals and pasta.

3. Vitamin B-12
This vitamin is found in many meat and dairy.

4. Vitamin C
Vitamin C helps iron absorption. Foods that contain vitamin C include oranges, melons and berries.

Foods that contain iron is important for those who need high iron as in children, menstruating women and pregnant women. Enough iron is also important for babies, vegetarians and athletes.
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